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The Two Types of Brain Injury

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The brain is as susceptible to injury as any other organ in the body. As with any other bodily organ, an injury to the brain can cause damage that prevents it from doing what it is supposed to do. Because the brain’s purpose is to regulate all other body functions, an injury to the brain can have effects on other areas of the body.

As a brain injury lawyer can explain, brain injuries range in severity, but a good prognosis usually depends on prompt diagnosis and treatment. Otherwise, the damage may be permanent.

Brain injuries fall into one of two categories: Acquired or traumatic.

Acquired Brain Injuries

Acquired brain injuries are the less common of the two. These occur due to an underlying medical issue, such as the following:

  • Infection
  • Tumor
  • Stroke

Acquired brain injuries can occur at any age. If they are present at birth, they are considered congenital brain injuries. An example is congenital hydrocephalus, which is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain of a newborn. Hydrocephalus can affect older children and adults as well. A stroke usually affects elderly people but can happen at any age, as can a brain infection.

Because acquired brain injuries occur because of underlying medical conditions, it may not be possible to hold someone liable for them. However, if a doctor’s negligence contributed to the condition, e.g., mistakes at birth caused a congenital brain injury, it may be possible to file a medical malpractice suit.

Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries are the more common type. They occur because of some force applied to the head, such as a violent blow, severe shaking, or penetration by a foreign object.

Not all blows to the head cause brain injuries, but this is one of the most common causes of TBI. A blow to the head may occur in a car accident or due to a slip and fall. A person who hits his or her head on a fixed object may sustain a TBI, and if an object falls on a person’s head, this may result in a brain injury as well.

Sometimes a foreign object passes through the skull to penetrate the brain. This could be something sharp to break through the skull, or it could be an object with tremendous force behind it, such as a bullet from a gun or shrapnel from an explosion. Violent shaking can cause damage to the neural tissue in the brain. Traumatic brain injuries may be either accidental or intentional.

It may be possible to hold the party responsible for a brain injury liable for damages. Schedule a consultation with one of our attorneys by contacting a brain injury lawyer today.

Royce Injury Attorneys
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